Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Studies

NCHSE’s inception was initially as a research, evaluation and training organization. NCHSE has actively carried out a number of monitoring and evaluation studies of developmental projects related to poverty alleviation, housing, rural roads, water supply, sanitation, electrification, urban basic services, public distribution system, watershed development, health services, etc. With the help of a senior research and evaluation team, NCHSE presented the findings of its studies at appropriate levels in the government and the tables of policy makers so that corrective measures could be taken for the betterment of communities. The findings of these studies have helped
  1. to point out the drawbacks of policies,
  2. to assess impact of development programmes and
  3. to suggest corrective action for future to the government.
A few of the more important research projects are mentioned below:


Sponsoring agency


Developing a manual on Citizen Report Card on urban basic service delivery.



Citizen Report Card on urban basic services in four major cities of Madhya Pradesh.



Quick evaluation study of 14 major development programmes (MGNREGS, PMGSY, SSA, ICDS, RGGVY, NRHM, BRGF, ASH, RGNDW, TPDS, IAY, etc.) of Govt. of India in five districts of Chhattisgarh State affected by LWE.

Planning Commission


Economic analysis of MP-DPIP sub projects in 14 districts of Madhya Pradesh.

MP-DPIP, Panchayat and Rural Development, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh.


Documentation of Human Rights and Citizens Entitlement (Rehabilitation of displaces persons due to construction of major dams, bonded labour and its abolition, special problems of women and their rights, Human rights and citizens entitlements in protection of environment, Status of women and children in M.P., Patterns and problems of migration of tribal women workers, Access to education in India, Law relating to employment of children, Forest and rights, Access to Municipal services).

Ford Foundation, New Delhi.


Sustainable utilization of natural resources in Jhabua district

International Development Research Centre, Canada.


Alleviation of urban poverty (the cities of Bangalore, Indore and Calcutta).

Planning Commission.


Housing for Hammals for the state of Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka

Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India.


Housing cum work-sheds for power-loom workers (the cities of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, Sholapur in Maharashtra and Meerut in Uttar Pradesh.

HUDCO, New Delhi and Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India.


Perspective plan of urbanization for MP(1991-2021). 

Govt. of Madhya Pradesh.


Status of Urban Infrastructure and Recommendations for Up-gradation.

Asian Development Bank.


Setting up of Climate Change Pulse Centre (CCPC), Indore Division-1 covering the districts of Jhbua, Alirajpur, Indore, and Dhar located in Jhbaua hills and Malwa Agro Climatic Zone.



NCHSE completed an important study assigned by Planning Commission, regarding 14 major development programmes of Govt. of India in 5 districts of Chhattisgarh state affected by Left Wing Extremism. These districts are Bastar, Kanker, Dantewada, Surguja and Rajnandgaon. The evaluation of these programmes is expected to provide interesting findings. The programmes covered under the study are:

  1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
  2. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
  3. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
  4. Integrated Child Development Scheme.
  5. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana.
  6. National Rural Health Mission.
  7. Backward Regions Grant Fund.
  8. Implementation of Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest) Act, 2006.
  9. Ashram Schools and Hostels.
  10. Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission.
  11. Targeted Public Distribution System.
  12. Indira Awas Yojana.
  13. State Level any Development/Welfare Programme especially for the benefit of LWE affected districts.
  14. Skill Development Programme in LWE affected Districts

NCHSE completed UN-HABITAT supported study of Citizen’s Report Card for four major towns – Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Gwalior of M.P. The study aimed to have a systematic feedback on service delivery in four towns of MP with selected 4000 households regarding three main services – water supply, sanitation and solid waste management. Point out areas of concern related to usage, satisfaction level, service standards, etc. Suggest strategies for an appropriate civil engagement by city government and civil society. The perceptions of the households of four cities clearly indicated that there is plenty of scope to improve upon the services of water supply, sanitation and solid waste management. Citizen Report Card (CRC) can be understood as a process to offer insight to provide citizen friendly urban governance to the State and Municipal authorities.

The study of “Economic analysis of MP-DPIP sub projects in 14 districts of Madhya Pradesh” assigned by MP-DPIP

It would be of significance to note that the study of “Economic analysis of MP-DPIP sub projects in 14 districts of Madhya Pradesh” assigned by MP-DPIP to the organization with the following objectives:

  1. To do ex-post economic analysis of specific activities (check dam, lift irrigation, hand pump, rural road, dairy, fish pond, forest nursery) so as to help the projects in preparation of Implementation Completion Report (ICR).
  2. To provide a compendium of activity based analysis which could be used to shortlist a more focused list of activities for scaling up on cluster basis in the proposed second phase of the project.

The study pointed out that to what an extent poverty removal with the support of this programme could be possible may be an academic exercise but the rural communities, by and large, have considered it as the programme of their willingness and choice. The possible activities which can be of use in promoting rural areas are:

Farm based initiatives-
  1. (i) Increase in irrigation facilities through renovation and newly constructed water bodies, tube wells, dug wells and lift irrigation schemes as on the watershed approach.
  2. (ii) Promotion of horticulture, floriculture, progressive farming, organic farming, vegetable cultivation, nursery, agro-forestry, etc.
Introduction of producer companies- to facilitate PPP as sustainable livelihood opportunities to boost activities of seeds and seeds production programme, fertilizers, pesticides, organic manure, agricultural equipments, marketing linkages, technical guidance and distribution of dividends. Promotion of dairy, goatry and fishery. Establishment of trading activities - grocery, cloth, cosmetic, shoes, cement, fertilizers, auto parts, etc.

Carrying out of rental services- through tent house, thresher, mixture, jeep, auto, centering, seed drill & tractor, cold storages, ware house, chilling plant, etc.

Utility Services – band baja, welding, bicycle repair, photocopy, hotel, tea stall, STD-PCO, saloon, tailoring, light decoration, soil excavation, boring machine, etc.

Value addition – Flour mill, moti manka, terracotta, bamboo craft, pulse mill, spiller, fabrication, agarbatti making, bag making, readymade, handloom and handicraft items, small scale industries, etc.

UN-HABITAT assigned a study to assess improvement in service delivery and satisfaction levels of citizens regarding the services of water supply, sanitation and solid waste management. Further, based on the process and techniques used for preparing the Citizen’s Report Cards in the four cities, a manual also developed.

The main objectives of the assignments were:

  1. Assess quality of urban basic service delivery and citizens satisfaction levels for the same in the cities of Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Gwalior and assess the changes in comparison to the findings of 2007;
  2. Develop city specific CRCs; and
  3. Develop a manual for preparing CRC on urban services to facilitate the process of preparing CRCs in other urban areas in India

The project was started with the background as there was large-scale deforestation in the 1960s, with severe effects in the ecosystem, climate and populations; Widespread soil erosion, overgrazing and inappropriate land use resulting in barren landscapes and also Seasonal migration of men in search of employment.Multiple interventions were attempted which aimed at the natural resources rejuvenation and socio-economic improvement of people. The impact was highly favourable as it helped in Control of soil erosion; Substantial re-afforestation of 247 ha; Rehabilitation of degraded communal pastures, giving better yields and economic returns; Increased water supplies from water harvesting and raised groundwater levels

This study was aimed at taking a comprehensive overview of the human, land, water and vegetation resources of Jhabua and identifying the underlying causes of drought and poverty. The development models for backward areas have all tended to substitute an urbanised industrial culture for the traditional means of livelihood in the mistaken belief that this created jobs. What happens is that rural folk lose their land and occupations, none more so than the tribals, whereas the industrial jobs, which need other skills attract outsiders. Thus coupled with environemntal degradation, these models actually enhance local poverty and deculturise the tribal people.

Our hypothesis is that there are alternative, more environmentally compatible and locally accepable development models. The underlying assumption is that land use can be so planned that even with the existing limitations of soil and moisture, the land can be made to yield a good life to the people. Stop cultivating slopes, bring them under pasture, and trees, substitute animal husbandry for ploughed cultivation of unsuitable land, conserve and havrest water, and one ends up with far greater rural prosperity in which all can share. It is on the base of such prosperity that one can build an edifice of compatible, sustainable and rational non-agricultureal manufacturing activity, which further increases local job opportunities.

This project won UNEP award. The performance of the project was rated as most outstanding by the UNEP team who visited and saw the significant changes in the project areas due to the impact of the project activities

Differentiating the rural and urban development programmes, the study points that the former are chosen out of limited bases, while in context of latter each set of programme has to be designed and tailor made for the community and the occupation of the city individually. The study also recognises the importance and viability of the improvement sector for the purpose. It gives concrete suggestions about the method of project formulation, orientation of planners, organisational institutional set-up and level of financial assistance.

NCHSE has prepared an Urban Perspective Plan for 2021 for Madhya Pradesh. The report is available in 9 Volumes with all details about the perspective development of the State considering the fast growth of urban areas.

Perspective plan of urbanisation for Madhya Pradesh, 2021 The out come of project has appeared in form of documentation The report apart from discussing the status of the various requisite areas of urbanisation, describes at length the 11 geographical regions, 23 urban zones, and about 75 towns and cities which have the potential of urban growth, also identifies centers with potential growth for tourism, proposes new network of communications like National and State level highways, new air routes, new rail links and industrial growth centres, which could, when implemented, transform one of the most backward states- Madhya Pradesh into one of most economically powerful states such as Maharashtra and Gujarat in near future. The report carries a massive and voluminous data of all aspects of urban development and should be useful to Research scholars, planners, economists, industrialists, Bureaucrats, local governments, and the common urban citizen, who is the most vital component of human society serviced by the machines of urban growth.

The work is a very valuable reference document for all institutions and organizations engaged in training, planning research, implementation and administration of urban centers.

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